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Coordination of metal center biogenesis in human cytochrome c oxidase

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-01-12, 21:02 authored by Eva Nývltová, Dietz Johnathan V., Javier Seravalli, Oleh Khalimonchuk, Antonio BarrientosAntonio Barrientos

 Mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase (CcO) or respiratory chain complex IV is a heme aa3-copper oxygen reductase containing metal centers essential for holo-complex biogenesis and enzymatic function that are assembled by subunit-specific metallochaperones. The enzyme has two copper sites located in the catalytic core subunits. The COX1 subunit harbors the CuB site that tightly associates with heme a3 while the COX2 subunit contains the binuclear CuA site. Here, we report that in human cells the CcO copper chaperones form macromolecular assemblies and cooperate with several twin CX9C proteins to control heme a biosynthesis and coordinate copper transfer sequentially to the CuA and CuB sites. These data on CcO illustrate a mechanism that regulates the biogenesis of macromolecular enzymatic assemblies with several catalytic metal redox centers and prevents the accumulation of cytotoxic reactive assembly intermediates. 


Grant ID

American Heart Association postdoctoral fellowship 19POST34430019

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