Alterations of sarcoplasmic reticulum-mediated Ca2+ uptake in a model of premature ventricular contraction (PVC)-induced cardiomyopathy
Abstract. Premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) are the most frequent ventricular arrhythmias in the overall population. PVCs are known to acutely enhance contractility by the post-extrasystolic potentiation phenomenon, but over time persistent PVCs promote PVC-induced cardiomyopathy (PVC-CM), characterized by a reduction of the left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction. Ca2+ cycling in myocytes commands muscle contraction and in this process, SERCA2 leads the Ca2+ reuptake into the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) shaping cytosolic Ca2+ signal decay and muscle relaxation. Altered Ca2+ reuptake can contribute to the contractile dysfunction observed in PVC-CM. To better understand Ca2+ handling using our PVC-CM model (canines with 50% PVC burden for 12 weeks), SR-Ca2+ reuptake was investigated by measuring Ca2+ dynamics and analyzing protein expression. Kinetic analysis of Ca2+ reuptake in electrically paced myocytes showed a~21 ms delay in PVC-CM compared to Sham in intact isolated myocytes, along with a ~13% reduction in SERCA2 activity assessed in permeabilized myocytes. Although these trends were not statistically signifcant between groups using hierarchical statistics, relaxation of myocytes following contraction was signifcantly slower in PVC-CM vs Sham myocytes. Western blot analyses indicate a 22% reduction in SERCA2 expression, a 23% increase in phospholamban (PLN) expression, and a 50% reduction in PLN phosphorylation in PVC-CM samples vs Sham. Computational analysis simulating a 20% decrease in SR-Ca2+ reuptake resulted in a~22 ms delay in Ca2+ signal decay, consistent with the experimental result described above. In conclusion, SERCA2 and PLB alterations described above have a modest contribution to functional adaptations observed in PVC-CM.