Mothers of obese children use more direct imperatives to restrict eating_2017.pdf

<div>ABSTRACT</div><div>Objective: To examine the association of mother and child characteristics with use of direct imperatives</div><div>to restrict eating.</div><div>Methods: A total of 237 mother–child dyads (mean child age, 70.9 months) participated in a videorecorded,</div><div>laboratory-standardized eating protocol with 2 large portions of cupcakes. Videos were reliably</div><div>coded for counts of maternal direct imperatives to restrict children’s eating. Anthropometrics were measured.</div><div>Regression models tested the association of participant characteristics with counts of direct imperatives.</div><div>Results: Child obese weight status and maternal white non-Hispanic race/ethnicity were associated with</div><div>greater levels of direct imperatives to restrict eating (p = .0001 and .0004, respectively).</div><div>Conclusions and Implications: Mothers of obese children may be using more direct imperatives to</div><div>restrict eating so as to achieve behavioral compliance to decrease their child’s food intake. Future work</div><div>should consider the effects direct imperatives have on children’s short- and long-term eating behaviors and</div><div>weight gain trajectories.</div>