Differential acute and chronic responses in insulin action in cultured myotubes following from nondiabetic severely obese humans following gastric bypass surgery

2019-03-07T14:42:50Z (GMT) by Kai Zou Joseph Houmard

BACKGROUND:

Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery has been shown to induce positive metabolic adaptations for individuals with severe obesity (body mass index ≥40 kg/m2), including improved peripheral insulin action. Although a major site of insulin action, the time course changes in skeletal muscle glucose metabolism following RYGB is unclear.

OBJECTIVES:

To investigate the acute and chronic effects of RYGB surgery on insulin-stimulated glucose metabolism in cultured human primary myotubes derived from nondiabetic severely obese humans.

SETTING:

East Carolina University Bariatric Surgery Center and East Carolina Diabetes and Obesity Institute.

METHODS:

Primary human skeletal muscle cells were isolated from biopsies obtained from 8 women with severe obesity before, 1 month, and 7 months following RYGB surgery. Glucose metabolism, glycogen content, and insulin signal transduction were determined in differentiated myotubes.

RESULTS:

Insulin-stimulated glycogen synthesis and glucose oxidation increased in human myotubes derived from patients with severe obesity at both 1 and 7 months post-RYGB. However, there were no alterations indicative of enhanced insulin signal transduction. At 1 month post-RYGB, muscle glycogen levels were lower (-23%) and phosphorylation of acetyl CoA carboxylase 2 (ACC2) was elevated (+16%); both returned to presurgery levels at 7 months after RYGB in myotubes derived from patients. At 7 months post-RYGB, there was an increase in peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1 alpha (PGC1α) protein content (+54%).

CONCLUSION:

These data indicate that insulin action intrinsically improves in cultured human primary myotubes derived from nondiabetic severely obese patients following RYGB surgery; however, the cellular alterations involved appear to consist of distinct acute and chronic components.